The Montessori “cosmic curriculum” for Lower Elementary students focuses on the common bonds among humans, and it offers an optimistic, forward-looking approach to global solutions.
In the Lower Elementary years, children are highly curious about their world, its origin, and their place within it. In the Children’s House, they have learned the names of continents, countries, and land and water forms. In the Lower Elementary class, this learning is applied to geography. As they study cultures, they learn about the interconnectedness of climate and lifestyle. They explore the similarities and differences among peoples around the globe. They learn about biomes, and how these boundaries seem more real than political borders. The come to appreciate the interdependence of human beings and all other organisms on our planet.
Students explore various ways to represent the passage of time, and they learn about clocks, calendars and timelines. They learn that human beings, throughout history, have sought to understand our origins and our relationships. Dr. Montessori called this study a “cosmic curriculum” because it focuses on the common bonds among humans, and it offers an optimistic, forward-looking approach to global solutions. Teachers use dramatic storytelling to plant seeds of interest. Children begin to understand the impact of one’s personal history on one’s own development, and they start to apply that understanding to the role history plays in the development of culture.